Publication date: 1993
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The Circle of Mountains
A Basque Shepherding Community
Ott provides an excellent ethnography of a French Basque agrarian and sheepherding community. The commune of Sainte-Engrâce extends along a mountain valley in the southeastern corner of Soule, one of the three Basque provinces in France. In The Circle of Mountains, Sandra Ott examines the importance of cooperation and reciprocity as the essential basis for the main institutions within this community. These French Basques visualize their community as a circle, and their vision of living in "the circle of mountains," rather than in a valley, reflects their perspective on the society in which they live. The first half of the book incorporates material on history, ecology and economy, and delves deeply into the domestic organization, kinship, and neighborliness of this Basque community. In the second half of the book, the author introduces the males' customary roles as shepherds and cheese makers. Following a detailed commentary on these vocations, Ott suggests that these seemingly prosaic activities represent the male attempt at symbolic fulfillment of the female procreative and nurturing roles. In a new afterword, Ott discusses developments that have impacted life in the pastoral community of Sainte-Engrâce since the original publication of the book—including the acquisition of telephones and the construction of roads to nearly every home.
"Sandra Ott's fine-grained ethnography provides a memorable view of a French Basque agrarian and shepherding community and expands the scope of Basque ethnography in useful ways. . . . Ott is a formidable ethnographer." —American Anthropologist
List of Illustrations
The Setting and the People
The Seasonal Cycle
The Church, the Priest, and 'Blessed Things'
Blessed Bread: A System of Asymmetric Exchange
'First Neighbour' Mortuary Obligations
The Olha: A Pastoral Institution
Rotation and Serial Replacement in the Olha: Past and Present
Shepherding and Cheese-making
The Concept of Conception